Upper and Lower Slope Mesic

Characteristic Plant Species

Trees:

Acer saccharum (sugar maple)

Aesculus flava (yellow buckeye)

Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)

Celtis occidentalis (common hackberry)

Fagus grandifolia (American beech)

Fraxinus biltmoreana (white ash)

Juglans nigra (black walnut)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Quercus muehlenbergii (chinkapin oak)

Tilia americana (American basswood)

Shrubs:

Asimina triloba (pawpaw)

Cercis canadensis (eastern redbud)

Lindera benzoin (spicebush)

Staphylea trifolia (American bladdernut)

Euonymus americanus (Amer. strawberry bush)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Viburnum rufidulum (rusty blackhaw)

Arundinaria gigantea (river cane)

Vines:

Isotrema macrophylla (pipevine)

Smilax spp. (sawbrier)

Bignonia capreolata (crossvine)

Herbs:

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)

Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)

Claytonia virginica (Virginia springbeauty)

Delphinium tricorne (dwarf larkspur)

Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's breeches)

Hydrophyllum canadense (bluntleaf waterleaf)

Podophyllum peltatum (mayapple)

Polymnia laevigata (Tennessee leafcup)

Phacelia bipinnatifida (fernleaf phacelia)

Phlox divaricata (wild blue phlox)

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

Tradescantia subaspera (zigzag spiderwort)

Trillium spp. (trillium)

Viola spp. (violet) 

Anemone acutiloba (sharp-lobed hepatica)

Epifagus virginiana (beechdrops)

Hexastylis arifolia (little brown jug)

Sanicula spp. (black snakeroot)

NatureServe Communities:

  • South-Central Interior Mesophytic Forest (CES 202.887)

Upper slope mesic - old growth
Upper slope mesic - old growth

habitat - Shakerag Hollow

Upper slope mesic
Upper slope mesic

habitat - shakerag

Cypripedium parviflorum
Cypripedium parviflorum

yellow lady's slipper

Fagus grandifolia
Fagus grandifolia

American beech

Galearis spectabilis
Galearis spectabilis

showy orchis

Geranium maculatum
Geranium maculatum

wild geranium

Prosartes maculata
Prosartes maculata

spotted mandarin

Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula
Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula

smooth yellow violet

Anemone acutiloba
Anemone acutiloba

sharp-lobed hepatica

Delphinium tricorne
Delphinium tricorne

dwarf larkspur

Melanthium parviflorum
Melanthium parviflorum

Appalachian bunch-flower

Staphylea trifolia
Staphylea trifolia

bladdernut

Stylophorum diphyllum
Stylophorum diphyllum

celadine poppy

Epifagus virginiana
Epifagus virginiana

beechdrops

Panax quinquefolius
Panax quinquefolius

American ginseng

Asiminia triloba
Asiminia triloba

pawpaw

Asimina triloba
Asimina triloba

pawpaw fruits

Aesculus flava
Aesculus flava

yellow buckeye

Trillium grandiflorum
Trillium grandiflorum

white trillium

Arisaema triphyllum
Arisaema triphyllum

jack-in-the-pulpit

North facing slope in spring
North facing slope in spring

habitat

Delphinium tricorne
Delphinium tricorne

dwarf larkspur

Trillium sulcatum
Trillium sulcatum

southern red trillium

Phlox divaricata
Phlox divaricata

wild blue phlox

Dicentra cucullaria
Dicentra cucullaria

dutchman's breeches

Phacelia bipinnatifida
Phacelia bipinnatifida

fernleaf phacelia